Mongolia at the 34th Session of UN Human Rights Council

Mongolia began its second year as a member of the Human Rights Council with relatively more active participation. At this session, Mongolia co-sponsored five resolutions: one on the economic, social, and cultural rights (A/HRC/RES/34/4), the rights of the child (A/HRC/RES/34/16), the mandate of Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders (A/HRC/RES/34/5), right to privacy (A/HRC/RES/34/7), and the mandate of Special Rapporteur on freedom of opinion and expression (A/HRC/RES/34/18). Mongolia’s sponsorship of these resolutions is indicative of its support for civil and political rights, especially freedom of opinion and expression and the role the human rights defenders.

In terms of its voting, Mongolia was in favour of majority of the resolutions that were adopted by vote. However, it abstained on four resolutions, including the resolutions on terrorism (A/HRC/RES/34/8), technical assistance to Georgia (A/HRC/RES/34/37), and the situations of human rights in Iran and Syria (A/HRC/RES/34/23 and A/HRC/RES/34/26).

The human rights situation in Mongolia was absent from the discussions at the Council. However, Mongolia was relatively more active compared to its first year in the Council with four key interventions.

Speaking at the high level segment of the session, the Foreign Minister of Mongolia asserted the country’s commitment to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, reduction of poverty and eradication of inequality. The Minister also updated on the follow up of the country’s Universal Periodic Review recommendations, focusing in particular on the commitments to abolish the death penalty, align criminal law with the Convention against Torture, protect rights of children and elders, revise the law on domestic violence, combat human trafficking, and ensure an accountable, independent, and transparent judiciary. Further, the Foreign Minister expressed concern at the negative impacts of corruption and climate change. The other statements by Mongolia focused on the rights of persons with disabilities and maternal mortality and mobility.

At the closing of the session, Mongolia welcomed the resolution on the Voluntary Technical Assistance Trust Fund (A/HRC/RES/34/40), highlighting the importance of technical assistance and capacity building in strengthening States’ capacities at the national level. Importantly, it emphasised the need for the Trust Fund to be extended to the landlocked developing countries.